Lexus GX - внедорожник (SUV). Первое поколение GX 470 был представлен на Североамериканском международном автосалоне в 2002 году как модель 2003 года. Внешний дизайн GX схож с Toyota Land Cruiser Prado и основан на той же платформе, что и 4Runner и FJ Cruiser. Второе поколение GX 460 дебютировало в Китае (Гуанчжоу) Международная автомобильная выставка в ноябре 2009 года. В Россию GX 460 официально не поставлялся.
The redesigned model continued with body-on-frame construction, full-time 4-wheel drive, a Hi-lo transfer case, and a Torsen center locking differential. The Kinetic Dynamic Suspension System (KDSS) became standard. Power came from a new 4.6-liter 1UR-FE V8 engine producing 301 hp (224 kW) and 329 lb·ft (446 N·m) of torque, mated to a new 6-speed automatic transmission. Fuel economy was improved over the prior generation, while maximum towing capacity was 6,500 pounds (2,900 kg). The drag coefficient was reduced to Cd=0.35. The rear wiper was hidden under the rear spoiler, and while the tailgate remained side-opening, a flip-up glass panel was added.
The interior added a power-folding, two-passenger third row which folded flat, allowing capacity for up to seven passengers, with the second row sliding or tilting for third row access. Because the third row was no longer removable and used additional space, cargo capacity declined. A toggle switch replaced the transfer case's floor mounted shift lever, and the gauge cluster added a steering wheel angle display for off road situations. Similar to before, a Mark Levinson sound system and two-display Rear Seat Entertainment System (RSES) were optional, while three-zone climate control, semi-aniline leather, and heated second row seats and steering wheel were new options.
Like its predecessor, Rear Adjustable Height Control (AHC) air suspension was offered on the GX 460 with an Adaptive Variable Suspension (AVS) system and Hill-start Assist Control (HAC). Additional electronic aids included the LX 570's Crawl Control system, Downhill Assist Control (DAC), and Active Traction Control (A-TRAC). The Torsen differential distributed a variable torque split when left unlocked, including a 40:60 (front:rear) ratio under normal driving conditions, a 30:70 ratio during cornering, and a 50:50 ratio when rear wheel slippage was detected.
2010 Lexus GX 460 (URJ150)
Added safety features included whiplash-reducing active headrests and ten airbags, including front knee airbags and rear side torso airbags. New safety options include a Pre-Collision System, Driver Monitoring System, lane departure warning system, and Lexus Enform with Safety Connect telematics. Optional cameras located at the rear door, rear-view mirror, and passenger-side mirror provided views of the vehicle's sides. Low-beam HID headlamp projectors were offered with an Intelligent High Beam feature which automatically dimmed the high beams depending on traffic conditions and an Adaptive Front lighting System (AFS) that swiveled the headlamps in corners.
On April 13, 2010, Consumer Reports urged customers not to buy the 2010 GX 460, giving it a “Don’t buy, Safety Risk” label, its first such vehicle rating since 2001, following the results of a "lift-off oversteer" emergency test. This label was lifted on May 7, 2010. In the high-speed test, the SUV was quickly turned with no pedal input, causing a sideways slide before the vehicle stability control (VSC) initiated a full stop. Consumer Reports said that the VSC acted too slowly, and if a wheel hit a curb or slid off the pavement, a rollover accident could occur. The shared-platform Toyota 4Runner passed the test, and while Consumer Reports said it knew of no actual incidents, it recommended a software fix.The same day, vehicle maker Toyota expressed concern, thanked the magazine, and temporarily suspended GX 460 sales. While noting that the SUV met all U.S. federal requirements, on April 16 Toyota confirmed that its testing had duplicated the results.
On April 19, a voluntary recall of the GX 460 was issued, along with the left-hand-drive Land Cruiser Prado, for a software update to fix the VSC response. With the software update in place, sales resumed on April 29. Vehicle stability control had been criticized by Wheels magazine for slow response speed on such models as the Toyota Kluger (known as the Highlander in North America), while Drive noted that VSC had also been said to intervene too soon. The Wall Street Journal pointed the lack of VSC a decade ago.
|Also called||Lexus GX 460|
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado
Toyota Land Cruiser
|Assembly||Tahara, Aichi, Japan|
|Engine||4.6 L 1UR-FE V8|
|Transmission||6-speed automatic (A760F)|
|Wheelbase||109.8 in (2,789 mm)|
|Length||189.2 in (4,806 mm)|
|Width||74.2 in (1,885 mm)|
|Height||72.6 in (1,844 mm)|
|Curb weight||5,305 lb (2,406 kg)|
Toyota FJ Cruiser